|Z88 Developers' Notes|
DOR may be thought of as standing for "Directory Object Record" - although
DOR was not intended as an acronym for this, this does provide quite a
good explanation. DORs are a fairly general record structure well suited
to displaying hierarchically organized information. They are used in the
RAM filening system, but unfortunately not in the EPROM filing system,
and in application definitions. Some degree of understanding of them is
necessary to extract certain information, such as last updated dates, from
the filing system.
A DOR starts with the three link pointers which point to the parent,
brother and child respectively. The links are of the form of a 2 byte offset
within a bank followed by a bank number, ie. an extended address. If relatives
do not exist then the link pointers are set to 0 (three zeroes). The remainder
of the DOR consists of a series of keyed subrecords.
3 bytes Link to parent, three zeroes indicates a null (pointer) link 3 bytes Link to brother, three zeroes indicates a null (pointer) link 3 bytes Link to son, three zeroes indicates a null (pointer) link 1 byte DOR type, eg. DM_ROM 1 byte Length of DOR in bytes 1 byte Record key. This is usually a mnemonic, eg. DT_NAM 1 byte Length of record entry in bytes n bytes Data specific to record (type)
... More record entries (in the same form as above)
1 byte The DOR terminator, $FFThe above format may be useful if you want to set up a static DOR structure. For example the header for application cards, and the headers for the internal applications, use a static DOR structure. On the whole, however, the internal arrangement of the DOR is transparent to the user and the DOR interface can be used throughout. This interface works with the following types and record keys:
NOTE: In the following descriptions the ASCII character corresponding
to a hexadecimal value is sometimes placed next to it within brackets.
This is done to indicate the mnemonic nature of the values used. For example
($4E,"N") represents the single hexadecimal value $4E, the "N" is mnemonic
for DT_NAM, the name record type.
DM_RAM ($81) RAM device (internal use only) DM_DEV ($82) Device (pseudo type, internal use only) (SCR.0, PRT.0, COM.0, NUL.0, INP.0, OUT.0) DM_ROM ($83) ROM Information, consists of three record types: DT_INF ($40,"@") application information DT_HLP ($48,"H") help information DT_NAM ($4E,"N") name of applicationNOTE: It is not possible to add external device drivers to the system via a DOR, despite the major types shown above. This is because device drivers are not integrated into the DOR system.
DN_FIL ($11) File type, consists of four record types: DT_NAM ($4E,"N") file name DT_CRE ($43,"C") creation time DT_UPD ($55,"U") update time DT_EXT ($58,"X") extent (size of file) DN_DIR ($12) Directory type, consists of three record types: DT_NAM ($4E,"N") directory name DT_CRE ($43,"C") creation time DT_UPD ($55,"U") update time DN_APL ($13) Application Front DOR Type, consists of record type: DT_NAM ($4E,"N") Name of front DOR; the name will be "APPL" for applications and "HELP" for help. DN_DEL ($7F) Deleted Entry TypeRecord Types
DT_NAM ($4E,"N") Name type. Name must be null-terminated. Filenames have a fixed length of 17 characters so, if the real filename is shorter, you will need to ignore excess characters (beyond the null-terminator). A name record might look like this: DEFM $4E & $05 & "Paul" & 0 DT_UPD ($55,"U") Last Updated Date. 6 bytes. 3 bytes internal time followed by 3 bytes internal date. DT_CRE ($43,"C") Creation Date. 6 bytes. 3 bytes internal time followed by 3 bytes internal date. DT_EXT ($58,"X") Extent of file. 4 byte long word (low byte first) DT_ATR ($41,"A") Attributes. Not currently used. 2 bytes. DT_HLP ($48,"H") Help type. 12 bytes: four 3 byte link pointers (offset+bank): Topics, command, help and tokens. See an example in "Application Static Strucures" section. DT_INF ($40,"@") Information. See an example in "Application Static Structures" section for details of format.The DOR interface
DORs are manipulated using the OS_Dor call, which is supplied with various reason codes, one for each DOR operation. The possible operations are:
DR_GET ($01) get a handle for a DOR name (system use) DR_DUP ($02) duplicate DOR DR_SIB ($03) return brother DOR DR_SON ($04) return child DOR DR_FRE ($05) free DOR handle DR_CRE ($06) create blank DOR DR_DEL ($07) delete DOR DR_INS ($08) insert DOR DR_RD ($09) read DOR record DR_WR ($0A) write DOR record DR_RD2 ($0B) read DOR record (system use only)The following is the interface system call definition:
OS_Dor, the DOR interface
RST 20H, DEFB $87
A = reason code HL, IX arguments Other register usage depends on reason codeOut, if call successful:
Fc = 0 returned values depend on A(in)Out, if call failed:
Fc = 1 A = error code: RC_BAD ($04), bad arguments RC_HAND ($08), bad handle RC_ROOM ($07), no room RC_EOF ($09), end of file
Each reason code operation action is described in detail with the OS_Dor
call in the "System Calls Reference" section.
The following example reads the last updated date of a file, which can only be done by reading the DOR of the file. To get a DOR handle for a file, the user must use the GN_Opf call with A = OP_DOR ($06). This differs from the other options of GN_Opf in that:
1) It does not open the file. 2) It returns a DOR handle rather than a file handle
Note that the file should be closed before the call is made, and that
it is necessary to free the DOR handle after you have finished, by using
OS_Dor with reason code DR_FRE ($05).
include ":*//fileio.def" ; file I/O call definitions & parameters include ":*//dor.def" ; DOR interface call definitions include ":*//time.def" ; Date & time call definitions include ":*//stdio.def" ; standard I/O call defs. & parameters; assume HL points to local filename and DE points to a dummy buffer
.start ld b, 0 ; HL is a local pointer ld c, 20 ; max. size of expanded filename ld a, OP_DOR ; get DOR handle call_oz(GN_Opf) ; get DOR information ld a, DR_RD ; read DOR record ld b, DT_UPD ; look at record 'U' (update time) ld c, 6 ; return time information ld de, buff ; return data at (DE) call_oz(OS_Dor) ; fetch DOR information ld a, DR_FRE call_oz(OS_Dor) ; free DOR handle ld hl, buff ; HL points to internal time, date format call_oz(GN_Sdo) ; write time & date to standard output call_oz(GN_Nln) ; new line ret
|The Wildcard Handler||Dors||The Map Area|