|Z88 Developers' Notes|
16. Handling Alarms
Alarms in the Z88 are organized as a linked list of 'alarm blocks' with
the root at some fixed location. Each alarm block contains all the relevant
data for the particular alarm; time, date, number of repeats; in fact much
the same as the options given in the alarm display in the main alarm popdown.
Although there are many system calls which deal with alarms the programmer
need only know about four:
GN_Aab allocate alarm block GN_Lab link alarm block into alarm chain GN_Uab unlink alarm block from chain GN_Fab free alarm blockThe following stages are involved in using alarms:
1. Allocation GN_Aab is called to allocate space for an alarm block. An extended pointer to the allocated memory is returned in BHL. 2. Setting The parameters of the alarm should be copied into the alloctated alarm block, following the format shown above. 3. Linking Once the block has been set up it can be linked into the alarm chain, using GN_Lab. This done, the programmer can forget about the alarm. After expiry the alarm will be removed from the chain and the memory associated with it will be freed. 4. Removal To remove an alarm that has been set, but has not expired, the alarm block is first unlinked from the chain using GN_Uab and the memory associated with the block is then released with GN_Fab.The format of the alarm block is as follows:
3 bytes link to next block, set by system 3 bytes time of alarm in internal format 3 bytes date of alarm in internal format 24 bytes command line to execute or simply a comment. This should be null- terminated. Note that the repeat time starts 33 bytes into the block, not after the terminator for the command line. 3 bytes repeat time in days, added to value below 3 bytes repeat time in centisecond ticks, added to value above 2 bytes number of times to repeat 1 byte repeat time display units: 1 seconds 2 minutes 4 hours 8 days 16 weeks 32 months 64 years 128 never repeat 1 byte alarm status, some combination of: 1 beep on expiry 2 execute command line on expiry 4 alarm has expired, set by system 8 alarm is pending, set by systemThe 'repeat time display units' byte controls what is displayed in the alarm popdown window. It is important to choose a unit appropriate to the repeat time. If you use units of hours, with a repeat time of 2 minutes, then the repeat time will be displayed as 0 hours.
NOTE: The repeat time must be at least ten seconds otherwise it may be difficult to enter the alarm popdown to clear the alarm.
The alarms set up are all lost when a system soft reset occurs, and
unfortunately there is no way of saving and loading the currently set alarms.
In addition, alarms are suppressed when the machine is in the alarm popdown.
This is true even if the machine is in coma. This feature is included to
allow a simple way to disable alarms.
The following example sets up an alarm for the entirely arbitrary date and time of "21/05/3934 08:46:20". The alarm has a repeat time of 25 seconds and will occur three time (ie. number of repeats is two). Finally the type of alarm is ALARM and the bleeping is enabled:
include "#alarm.def" ; alarm definition calls include "#memory.def" ; memory management definition calls .set_alarm call_oz(GN_Aab) ; allocate alarm block ret c ; exit if error (no room) push bc ; preserve BHL which holds push hl ; the extended pointer to the block ld c, MS_S1 ; segment 1 specifier call_oz(OS_MBP) ; bind in bank containing block ld a,h and @00111111 ; mask out old segment or MM_S1 ; force into segment 1 ld d,a ld e,l ; alarm block address in DE ld hl, alm_block ; address of data for alarm block ld bc, sizeof_block ldir ; copy data into alarm block pop hl pop bc call_oz(GN_Lab) ; link block into alarm chain ret
; alarm block definition to be copied into allocated blockDEFC sizeof_ablock = end_alm_block - alm_block
.alm_block defb 0, 0, 0 ; link to next block (set up by system) defm "000" ; time in internal format defm "000" ; date in internal format defm "Message space 24 bytes." & 0 defb 0, 0, 0 ; repeat time in days defb 0, 10, 0 ; repeat time in centiseconds defw 2 ; times to repeat defb 1 ; repeat time display unit (seconds) defb 1 ; alarm status (bleep on expiry)
|The floating point package||Handling Alarms||Linked lists|